Linkages of Weather and Climate With Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes pacificus (Acari: Ixodidae), Enzootic Transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi, and Lyme Disease in North America

TitleLinkages of Weather and Climate With Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes pacificus (Acari: Ixodidae), Enzootic Transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi, and Lyme Disease in North America
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsEisen RJ, Eisen L, Ogden NH, Beard CB
JournalJ Med Entomol
Date Published12/2015
KeywordsBorrelia burgdorferi; Ixodes pacificus; Ixodes scapularis; Lyme disease; climate change
Abstract

Lyme disease has increased both in incidence and geographic extent in the United States and Canada over the past two decades. One of the underlying causes is changes during the same time period in the distribution and abundance of the primary vectors: Ixodes scapularis Say and Ixodes pacificus Cooley and Kohls in eastern and western North America, respectively.

URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26681789