Climate change and vector-borne diseases of public health significance.

TitleClimate change and vector-borne diseases of public health significance.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsOgden NH
JournalFEMS Microbiol Lett.
Date Published10/12
Keywordschange, climate, disease, lyme, spread, ticks, vector-borne

Here I review possible effects of climate change on vector-borne diseases, methods used to predict these effects and the evidence to date of changes in vector-borne disease risks that can be attributed to recent climate change. Predictions have both over- and underestimated the effects of climate change. Mostly under-estimations of effects are due to a focus only on direct effects of climate on disease ecology while more distal effects on society's capacity to control and prevent vector-borne disease are ignored. There is increasing evidence for possible impacts of recent climate change on some vector-borne diseases but for the most part, observed data series are too short (or non-existent), and impacts of climate-independent factors too great, to confidently attribute changing risk to climate change.