|Title||Climate change and vector-borne diseases of public health significance.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Journal||FEMS Microbiol Lett.|
|Keywords||change, climate, disease, lyme, spread, ticks, vector-borne|
Here I review possible effects of climate change on vector-borne diseases, methods used to predict these effects and the evidence to date of changes in vector-borne disease risks that can be attributed to recent climate change. Predictions have both over- and underestimated the effects of climate change. Mostly under-estimations of effects are due to a focus only on direct effects of climate on disease ecology while more distal effects on society's capacity to control and prevent vector-borne disease are ignored. There is increasing evidence for possible impacts of recent climate change on some vector-borne diseases but for the most part, observed data series are too short (or non-existent), and impacts of climate-independent factors too great, to confidently attribute changing risk to climate change.